亚博电竞

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叶朗:心游天地外 意在有无间——悼念张世英先生

zhangshiying  ziliaotupian

zhangshiyingshufa  ziliaotupian

亚博电竞zhangshiying  ziliaotupian

学人小传

张世英(1921年5月20日—2020年9月10日),武汉人。1941年考入西南联合大学,先后在经济系、社会学系、哲学系学习。1946至1952年先后在南开大学、武汉大学任教。1952年起在亚博电竞哲学系任教,历任讲师、副教授、教授,曾任外国哲学研究所学术委员会主任、校学术委员会委员。1959至1966年,担任《光明日报》哲学副刊主编。著有《张世英文集》等,主编《黑格尔著作集》中文版。

9yue10richuanlaixiaoxi,zhangshiyingxianshengzaishangwuqushile。wodaweizhenjing。zhangxianshengshentizheimehao,zenmehuituranqushi?

zhangxianshengjinnianzhenghaobaisui,zhaoguoqudeguannian,dangranshizhangshoule。danshizaiwomendexinmuzhong,zhangxianshengxianzaiqushi,haishitaizaole,lingwomenwuxianbeitong!qiannian(2018nian)12yue18ri,《zhangshiyingshufaji》chuban,womenzaiyannanyuan56haoyuanjuxingxinshushalong。zhangxianshengzaihuishangjianghua,jiangdeneimehao,jiangdeneimeqingxi,yigezibuduo,yigezibushao。dangshizhangxianshengyishi98suigaolingle。zaikaihuiqianwohezhangxianshengliaotian。woshuo:“wogandaoxuezhexuenengshirenzhangshou。”zhangxianshengshuo:“wotongyinidekanfa。”weishenmexuezhexuenengshirenzhangshou?jiuyinweizhexuexuedehao,nengshirenyougaoyuandejingshenjingjie,jiushizhangxianshengshufajilizheiliangjuhua:“xinyoutiandiwai,yizaiyouwujian。”zheizhonggaoyuandejingshenjingjie,biranshirenzhangshou。dajiachangshuo:“qizhiyimi,wangzhiyicha。”dangshizhangxianshengyijingguolemishou,womenxiangxintabiranjiankangdizouxiangchashou。xianzaiqueturanqushi,bushitaizaolema?

亚博电竞zhangxianshengshixinanliandadexuesheng。zhangxianshengshuoguo,tazaixinanlianda,kaishizaijingjixi,houzhuanrushehuixi,yinweitinglehelinxianshengde《zhexuegailun》,gandaobiqijingjixue、shehuixuelai,zhexuezuinengchujirendelinghun,tongshitahaifaxian,zhexuecaizuishihetacongxiaojiuaichensimoxiangdexingge,yincitajiuzhuandaozhexuexi,congcizoushangyishengyanjiuzhexuededaolu。zhangxianshengshuo,tadexuewenshitaneixindeyizhongbiaoxian,“zijixinlihaoxiangyouquanshuiyaoyongchulai”。

亚博电竞zhangxianshengzuichushiyanjiudeguogudianzhexue,tebieshikangde、heigeerdezhexue,youxuduozheifangmiandezhuzuo。shangshijibashiniandaizhongqiyilai,zhangxianshengzhujianyanshendaoxifangxiandangdaizhexuehezhongguochuantongzhexuedeyanjiu,zaizhongxihuitongdejichushang,youduizhexuejibenlilunjinxingleyanjiu,chubanle《tianrenzhiji》《jinruchengmingzhijing》《zhexuedaolun》《jingjieyuwenhua》dengzhuzuo。zaizheixiezhuzuozhong,zhangxianshengzaizhexue、meixuejibenlilundehexinquyutichuleyixiliejuyouyuanchuangxingdesixiang,zuizhongyaodeshitichule“wanyouxiangtong”dezhexue(xinde“wanwuyiti”dezhexue)。zaizhexuejibenlilunhemeixuejibenlilundehexinquyutichuyixiexindegainianhexindexiangfa,zheishizuibaoguide,yeshizuikunnande。

亚博电竞zhangxianshengzheixieyuanchuangxingguandian,tade“wanyouxiangtong”dezhexue,shizaihuitongzhongxizhexuedejichushangtichulaide,zheijiushifengyoulanxianshengshuode“jiezhejiang”。fengxianshengshuo,zirankexue、jishukexuebuyiding“jiezhejiang”,renwenxuekeyidingyao“jiezhejiang”。“jiezhejiang”bushi“zhaozhejiang”。“jiezhejiang”shifazhan,shiyangqi,shifeiyue。duirenwenxuekelaishuo,“jiezhejiang”caikenengyouyuanchuangxing。dangran,“jiezhejiang”,haiyaosixiangjiefang,yaoganyutupojiushuo,cainengyouyuanchuangxing。“sixiangjiefang”womentiantianshuo,danzhenzhengzuodaosixiangjiefang,ganyutupojiushuo,bingburongyi,zheixuyaolilunyongqi。zhangxianshengdezhuzuodeyuanchuangxing,shironghuizhongxizhexuedechengguo,tongshibiaoxianchujiqikeguidelilunyongqi。

亚博电竞zhangxianshengzheijinianchangshuo,tasuiranshentiyouxiepibei,dantaxiongzhongrengranbotaoxiongyong,wanmabenteng。zhangxianshengdeshengminglihechuangzaoliyiranshifenwangsheng。tongfengyoulanxiansheng、zhuguangqianxianshengyiyang,zhangxianshengyeshi“yubabuneng”。zheishuomingzuoxuewenshizhangxianshengdeshengmingsuozai,zhangxianshengdexuewenyijingjinrutashengmingdehexinlimian。

jinershinian,wohezhangxianshengdejiaowangbijiaomiqie,bingqieshenshouzhangxianshengdesixianghezhuzuodeyingxiang。yingxiangshiduofangmiande,zuizhuyaodeyousandian,yishizhangxianshengduichaoyuezhukeerfende“wanwuyiti”dezhexuedechanshu,zheiduiyuwomentupomeixueyanjiudejiudesiweimoshi,duishenmeihuodong(meihemeigan)huodeyigexindelijieyouzhongdadeqifa。ershiduirenshengjingjiedelunshu。sanshimeigandeshenshengxingdesixiang。xiamianjiufenbiecongzheisangefangmianlaitantanzhangxianshengdesixiangduiwodeyingxiang。zaitanzheisangefangmiandeyingxiangzhiqian,xianshuoyishuozhangxianshengguanyuheigeerdexindejianjie。

西方很多大哲学家都是踩着黑格尔的肩膀起飞的

zhangxianshengshiwomenguoneiyanjiuheigeerzuiyouchengjiudexuezhe,zheiyidianshiguoneiwaixueshujiegongrende。zhangxianshengzaoqichubanle《lunheigeerzhexue》(1956nian)、《lunheigeerdeluojixue》(1959nian)、《heigeer〈jingshenxianxiangxue〉shuping》(1962nian)dengzhuzuo,bashiniandaizhihouyouluxuchubanle《heigeer〈xiaoluoji〉yizhu》(1982nian)、《lunheigeerdejingshenzhexue》(1986nian)、《ziwoshixiandelicheng——jieduheigeer〈jingshenxianxiangxue〉》(2001nian)dengzhuzuo。zheixiezhuzuo,bujinxiangzhongguoduzhexitongdijiangjiehequanshileheigeerdezhexue,gengzhongyaodeshitichuleduiheigeerzhexuedexindejianjie。

亚博电竞wulunzaixifanghaishizhongguo,xueshujiedouyouyixierenyipipingheigeer(xunzhaotadecuowuhemaobing)weishimao。dangnianengesijiucengduizheizhongpipingheigeerdeshimaojinxingguopiping,yinweizheizhongpipingheigeerdeshimaozaiengesineigeshidaijiuyoule。engesishuo:“youyu‘tixi’dexuyao,ta(zhiheigeer)zaizheilichangchangbudebuqiujiuyuqiangzhixingdejiegou,zheixiejiegouzhidaoxianzaihaiyinqitademiaoxiaodedirenrucikepadehanjiao。danshizheixiejiegoujinjinshitadejianzhuwudegujiahejiaoshoujia,renmenzhiyaobushiwuweiditingliuzaitamenmianqian,erqieshenrudaodashalimianqu,neijiuhuifaxianwushudezhenbao,zheixiezhenbaojiushizaijintianyehaishijuyouchongfendejiazhi。”(《ludeweixi·feierbahahedeguogudianzhexuedezhongjie》,《makesiengesixuanji》disijuan,di251ye)engesiyoushuo:“buyaodaoheigeerdezhuzuozhongquxunzhaochengletadejiegouheganggandeneixiecuowujielunheyouyiwaiqu,zheichuncuishixiaoxueshengdezuoye。gengweizhongyaodeshi,zaicuowudexingshixiaherenweidelianxizhongzhaochuzhengquedehetiancaidedongxilai。”(《zhikang·shimite》,《makesiengesixuanji》disijuan,di476ye)

亚博电竞engesiduiheigeerdeneixie“miaoxiaodediren”depipingduomejingcai!engesizhichu,zhiyaoshenrudaoheigeertixidedashazhongqu,nijiuhuifaxianwushudezhenbao,zhijinyiranjuyouchongfendejiazhi。tayouzhichu,yaozaiheigeerdecuowudexingshizhongquzhaochuzhengquedehetiancaidedongxilai。

zhangxianshengzhengshizheiyangzuode。tabujinshenrudaoheigeertixidedashazhongquxunzhaozhengquedehetiancaidedongxi,erqiebazheixietiancaidedongxihexifangxiandangdaizhexuedefazhanlianxiqilai,congershitadeyanjiujuyouyizhonglishidegaodu。

zhangxianshengrenwei,“heigeerzhexuejishixifangchuantongxingershangxuededingfeng,gengyunhanheyushilechuantongxingershangxuededianfuhexiandangdaizhexuedemouxiezhongyaosixiang,liruxiandangdaixianxiangxuede‘huidaoshiqingbenshen’,qineihanheshizhijiukeyicongheigeer《jingshenxianxiangxue》xuyanguanyu‘shizhibenzhishangshizhuti’dezhumingmingtizhongdedaozhenqiedelijieheshuoming。”

亚博电竞zhangxianshengshuo:“heigeerde《jingshenxianxiangxue》tuchuditixianletaduixifangde‘zhukeerfen’siweifangshidepipan,weixifangxiandangdaizhexuezhong‘renyushijierongheweiyi’dejibensixiangpudianlekuanguangdedaolu,duixiandangdaixianxiangxuedejianliqilejijidezuoyong。woguoquzongaishuo:heigeershixifangchuantongxingershangxuezhijidachengzhe,qishi,womengengyinggaishuo,heigeershitasihoudexifangxiandangdaizhexuetebieshirenwenzhuyisichaodexianqu。yinweixiandangdaixuduopipingheigeerdedazhexuejiamen,wangwangshicaizheheigeerdejianbangqifeide。”(yinzilinkeji、huangwen《zhangshiyingzhexuesixiangyanjiu》,renminchubanshe2008nianban,di323ye)

zhangxianshengdezheixielunshu,jiyoulilundeshendu,youyoulishidegaodu。

亚博电竞zhangxianshengdezheixielunshu,duiyuxifangzhexueshideyanjiu,duiyuxifangxiandangdaizhexuedeyanjiu,duiyuzhexue、meixuejibenlilundeyanjiu,douyouhendadeqifa。

美和美感就是人心赋予事物精神性的意义

亚博电竞zhangxianshengzhichu,zaixifangzhexueshishang,guanyurenyushijiewanwudeguanxidekanfa,zhuyaoyouliangzhong。yizhongshibashijiewanwukanchengshiyurenchuyubiciwaizaideguanxizhizhong,bingqieyiwoweizhuti,yitarentawuweiketi,zhutipingzherenshishiwu(keti)debenzhi、guilvxingyizhengfuketi,congerdadaozhutiyuketitongyi。zheizhongguanxijiao“zhukeguanxi”,youjiao“zhukeerfen”。lingyizhongkanfashibaerzhekanzuoxuerouxiangliandeguanxi,meiyoushijiezemeiyouren,meiyourenzeshijiewanwushimeiyouyiyide。yongmeiguodangdaizhexuejiadilixidehuashuojiushi“meiyoushijiedeziwoshikongde,meiyouziwodeshijieshiside”。zheizhongguanxishirenyushijiewanwuronghedeguanxi。zheizhongguanxijiushihaidegeershuode“cizai”yu“shijie”deguanxi。“cizai”shi“chengming”,shishijiewanwude“zhanshikou”。zheizhongguanxiyejiushiwangyangmingshuode“tiandiwanwuyurenyuanshiyiti,qifaqiaozhizuijingchu,shirenxinyidianlingming”。zheizhongguanxikeyijieyongzhongguozhexuezhongde“tianrenheyi”demingtilaibiaoda。zaizheizhongguanxizhong,renshiyigeyuyushijiewanwuzhizhong、rongyushijiewanwuzhizhongde“lingming”dejujiaodian,shijieyinweirende“lingming”erchengweiyouyiyideshijie。(cankanzhangshiying《zhexuedaolun》,yabodianjingchubanshe2016nianban,di3-5ye)

zhangxianshengdezheixielunshu,tuidongwobahaidegeerdengxifangxiandangdaizhexuedeguandianhezhongguochuantongmeixuedeguandianjinyiburongheqilai,zaimeixuejibenlilunhexinquyu,congzhukeerfendesiweimoshizhuanxiangtianrenheyidesiweimoshi,tichule“meizaiyixiang”demingti。

“meizaiyixiang”demingti,ba“yixiang”zuoweimeidebentifanchoutichu,bayixiangdeshengchengzuoweishenmeihuodongdegenben。“yixiang”jishiduimeidebentideguiding,youshiduimeiganhuodongdebentideguiding,shenmeihuodongshizaishunjiandezhijuezhongchuangzaoyigeyixiangshijie,yigechongmanyiyundewanzhengdeganxingshijie,congerxianxianhuozhaoliangyigebenrandeshenghuoshijie。

亚博电竞yixiangdeshengchengjiushirenxinfuyutiandiwanwu(ruwangyangmingshuode“yanzhonghuashu”)jingshenxingdeyiyi。zhangxianshengshuo:“renyuwanwu(wanwujibaokuowu,yebaokuoren)douchuyuyigewuxiandejingshenxinglianxidezhengtizhizhong。wujingshenxingdewubenshenshichouxiangde,wuyiyide。chuyushenmeiyishizhongdewu(yishupin)zhisuoyinengyurenduihua、jiaoliu,jiuzaiyurenyuwuchuyujingshenxingdetongyitizhizhong,chuyurenyushijiedeheyizhizhong。”(zhangshiying《zhexuedaolun》,di249ye)zhangxianshengzaizheiliqiangdiao“wujingshenxingdewubenshenshichouxiangde,wuyiyide”,zheiyangdewudangranyejiutanbushangmei。wangyangmingshuodeyanzhonghuashu,zaishenshanzikaiziluo,bingbucunzaiyiyi,zhiyoudangyourenxinshangtashi,caifuyucihuayizhongjingshenxingdeyiyi,“cihuayanseyishimingbaiqilai”,renxinzhaolianglecihua,cihuayejiuyoulemei。zheijiushiliuzongyuanshuode,“meibuzimei,yinrenerzhang”。meilibukairendeshenmeihuodong,meishizhaoliang,meishichuangzao,meishishengcheng。zheishi“xin”dezhongxinfaxian。xindezuoyong,ruwangyangminglunyanzhonghuashusuojieshide,jiushifuyuyurenwuguandewudeshijiegezhonggeyangdejingshenxingdeyiyi。zheixieyiyizhizhongyejiuhangaile“mei”depanduan。likairendeyishideshengfajizhi,tiandiwanwujiumeiyouyiyi,jiubunengchengweimei。suoyizongbaihuaxianshengshuo:“yiqiemeideguangshilaizixinlingdeyuanquan,meiyouxinlingdeyingshe,shiwusuoweimeide。”(zongbaihua《yijing》,yabodianjingchubanshe1989nianban,di15ye)yongwangyangmingdelizi,zhiyouzaixinlingde“zhaoliang”xia,huacaixianxian,caimingbaiqilai,caijinruwomendeshijie,caiyouyiyi。shijiewanwuyouyurendeyishierbeizhaoliang,beihuanxing,congergouchengyigechongmanyiyundeyixiangshijie(meideshijie)。yixiangshijieshibunengtuolishenmeihuodongercunzaide,meizhinengcunzaiyumeiganhuodongzhong,zheijiushimeiyumeigandetongyi。

keyikanchu,zhangxianshengguanyuchaoyue“zhukeerfen”de“wanwuyiti”dezhexueguandian,guanyurenyuwanwuchuyujingshenxingdetongyitidelunshu,duiyumeixuejibenlilunhexinquyudelilunjiangou,youduomezhongyaodeqishi。

学者要注重提升自己的人生境界

亚博电竞renshengjingjiedexueshuoshifengyoulanxianshengzhexuesixiangdeyigehexinneirong。fengxianshengshuo,zhongguochuantongzhexuezhongzuiyoujiazhideneirongjiushirenshengjingjiedexueshuo。

fengxianshengshuo,congbiaomianshangkan,shijieshangderenshigongyouyigeshijie,danshishijishang,meigerendeshijiebingbuxiangtong,yinweishijieduimeigerendeyiyibingbuxiangtong。

亚博电竞renhedongwubutong。renduiyuyuzhourensheng,keyiyousuolejie,tongshirenzaizuomouyijianshishi,keyizijuedaozijizaizuomouyijianshi。zheishirenhedongwubutongdedifang,jiushirendeshenghuoshiyizhongyoujuejiedeshenghuo。yuzhoujiandeshiwu,benlaishimeiyouyiyide,danshiyoulerendejuejie,jiuyouyiyile。zaizheigeyiyishangkeyishuo,rendejuejiezhaoliangleyuzhou。

jiumeigerenlaishuo,taduiyuzhourenshengdejuejiebutong,suoyiyuzhourenshengduiyutadeyiyiyejiubutong。zheizhongyuzhourenshengdebutongdeyiyi,yejiugouchenglemeigerenbutongdejingjie。

亚博电竞zhangxianshengzantongfengxianshengdeguandian,tacongfengxianshengdeguandian“jiezhejiang”。

zhangxianshengyongwangyangmingshuode“renxinyidianlingming”laishuomingrenshengjingjie。

亚博电竞zhangxianshengshuo,renyudongwubutong,jiuzaiyurenyouzheidian“lingming”,zhengshizheidian“lingming”zhaolianglerenshenghuoyuqizhongdeshijie,yushishijieyouleyiyi。“‘jingjie’jiushiyigerende‘lingming’suozhaoliangde、tasuoshenghuoyuqizhongde、youyiyideshijie。dongwumeiyouzijideshijie。”(zhangshiying《zhexuedaolun》,di81ye)

danshizhangxianshengyouyidianhefengxianshengbutong,zhangxianshengshuode“jingjie”,bingbuxianyuzhuguande“juejie”。tarenwei,meigerendejingjiedoushiyoutiandiwanwudewuqiongguanlianxingchengde,zheiwuqiongdeguanlianbaokuozirande、lishide、wenhuade、jiaoyudedengdengyinsu,yizhidaomeigerendejutihuanjinghejutizaoyu。tashuo:“jingjieshiwuqiongdekeguanguanliandeneizaihua。zheizhongneizaihuadedongxiyouzhiyinzheyigerendegezhongshehuixingweidexuanze,baokuoqiaihaodefengge。”

zhangxianshenghefengxianshengyiyang,renweizhexue、meixuedeyigezhongyaogongnengjiuzaiyutishengrenshengjingjie,shirenjuyouyizhongchaoyuexianshidegaoyuandejingshenzhuiqiu。zhangxianshengrenwei,zuigaopinweiderenshengjingjienaishishenmeijingjie,tazai《zhexuedaolun》yishuzhongduicizuoleshenrudefenxihelunzheng。zhangxianshengdezheizhongguandianhexifangxiandangdaideyixiezhexuejiadeguandianhenleisi。rufaguozhexuejiafukejiurenwei,shenmeihuodongshirendezuigaochaoyuehuodong,tazaibuduandichuangzaozhongbarendeshengcunyinxiangrendebenxingsuozhuiqiudejingshenziyoudejingjie,zheishibiedehuodongbunengzuodaode。

woshoufengxiansheng、zhangxianshengdeyingxiang,ba“renshengjingjie”zuoweimeixuejibenlilunhexinqudeyigegainian。wode《meizaiyixiang》(《meixueyuanli》)zuihouyizhangjiushijiangrenshengjingjie。worenwei,shenmeihuodongkeyicongduofangmiantigaorendewenhuasuzhihewenhuapinge,danshenmeihuodongduirendeyiyizuizhongguijieqilaishitigaorenshengjingjie。yigerenruguozaizijideshenghuoshijianzhongnenggouyouyishidizhuiqiushenmeiderensheng,neimetatongshiyejiuzaixiangzhezuigaodecengmiantishengzijiderenshengjingjie。

shenmeshishenmeiderensheng?shenmeiderenshengjiushishiyiderensheng,chuangzaoderensheng,aiderensheng。

亚博电竞shiyiderenshengjiushitiaochu“ziwo”,tiaochuzhukeerzhedexiange,yongshenmeideyanguangheshenmeidexinxiongkandaishijie,zhaoliangwanwuyitideshijie,tiyantadewuxianyiweiheqingqu,congerxiangshou“xianzai”,huidaorendejingshenjiayuan。

亚博电竞chuangzaoderenshengshiyigerencongshiwenhua、yishu、kexue、jishudechuangzao,shengminglihechuangzaoligaodufahui,shenzhidadaojizhi。zheishishengshengbuxiderensheng,zheishiziwoshixianderensheng,zheishiwucaibinfenderensheng。

aiderenshengshizaiwanwuyitidetiyanzhongchanshengdeganendexinqing,yizhongyongbaoyiqiedexionghuai,yizhong“shijiehedengmeihao”deganwu,yizhonghuibaodekewang,yizhongchonggaodezerengan。

zhengshizaifengxianshenghezhangxianshengdeganzhaoxia,wozai《meizaiyixiang》zheibenshuzhong,yijizheijishiniansuoyoudejiangkehejiangyanzhong,douyizaixiangduzhehetingzheqiangdiao,yigeren,yigexuezhe,bujinyaozhuzhongzengjiazijidezhishihexuewen,gengzhongyaodehaiyaozhuzhongtuokuanzijidexiongjin,hanyangzijideqixiang,tishengzijiderenshengjingjie,yaoquzhuiqiuyizhonggengyouyiyi、gengyoujiazhi、gengyouqingquderensheng。

对高远的精神境界的追求赋予人生神圣性

亚博电竞he“renshengjingjie”deguandianxianglianxi,zhangxianshengzai《jingjieyuwenhua》yishuzhongtichule“meigandeshenshengxing”zheigemeixueguandian。tashuo:“zhongguochuantongdewanwuyitidejingjie,haiquefajidujiaoneizhonglingrenjingweidezongjiaoganqing,worenweiwomenweichangbukeyicongxifangdejidujiaolixiquyidianzongjiaoqinghuai,duichuantongdewanwuyitizuochuxindequanshi,batadangzuowomenminzude‘shangdi’ershengsiyizhidijiayichongbai,zheige‘shangdi’buzaichaoyandebian,erjiuzaician,jiuzaiwomendexinzhong。zheiyang,womensuojiangde‘wanwuyiti’dejingjiezhimei,jiubujinjuyouchaogonglixingheyuyuexing,erqiejuyoushenshengxing。”“juyoushenshengxingde‘wanwuyiti’dejingjie,shirenshengzhongjiguanhuaizhisuozai,shizuigaojiazhizhisuozai,shimeidegenyuan。”(zhangshiying《jingjieyuwenhua》,yabodianjingchubanshe2016nianban,di260-261ye)

“meigandeshenshengxing”demingtitixianleduizhongxifangmeixuesixiangzuishencengdeyijizuihexindeneihandebawo。“meigandeshenshengxing”xiangwomenjieshileduiyuzhigaodemeidelingwuhetiyan,shiziyouxinlingdeyizhongchaoyuehefeisheng。zheizhongziyouxinlingdechaoyuehefeishengyinqizairenshengyiyishangdezhongjideshixian,shanyaozhe“shenxingdeguanghui”。taqishiwomen,duizhigaodemeidelingwubuyingtingliuzaibiaomiande、fuqiandeermuzhiyu,eryinggaizhuiqiuchonggaoshenshengdejingshentiyanhelinghunchaoyue,zaiwanwuyiti、tianrenheyidejingjiezhong,ganshouneizhongchonggaodeshenshengdetiyan。

亚博电竞“meigandeshenshengxing”detiyanbingbulikairichangshenghuo,tajiucunzaiyuxianshirenshengzhizhong,cunzaiyurichangshenghuozhizhong,danzheizhongtiyanzhiyouzaijingshenjingjiedebuduanchaoyuehetishengzhongcaiyoukenengshixian。“meigandeshenshengxing”demingtitixianchuyizhongzhigaoderenshengzhuiqiu,yizhongchonggaoderenshengjingjie,tadechanshengxuyaoyizhongxinlingdetisheng。suoyi,“meigandeshenshengxing”demingtishiyizhongxinlingdedaoxiang,jingshendedaoxiang,taxiangrenmenjieshileyigexinlingshijiebuduanshangshengdedaolu。

2014nian11yue,yabodianjingmeixueyumeiyuyanjiuzhongxinjubanleyicitiwei“meigandeshenshengxing”demeixueshalong,zhangshiyingxiansheng、yangzhenningxiansheng、duweimingxianshengyijipangongkai、dingfangdengzhumingxuezhe、yishujiadoucanjiazheicishalongbingfabiaojiangyan。zhangshiyingxianshengcongxifangwenhuasixiangshidejiaodulunshule“meigandeshenshengxing”zheigemingtixingchengdeguocheng。yangzhenningxianshengshidakexuejia,tatandaokexuejiazaikexueyanjiuzhonghuodeyizhongduiyuyuzhouwuxiancunzaidemeigan,jirenmenchangshuodeyuzhougan,zheishiyizhongzhuangyangan,yizhongshenshenggan,yizhongchukuiyuzhouaomideweijugan,tamennengganshoudaogeteshijiaotangxiangyaotixiandeneizhongchonggaomei、linghunmei、zongjiaomei、zuizhongjidemei。zheijiushidakexuejiaduimeiganshenshengxingdetiyan。

zhangxianshengzhichu,taolun“meigandeshenshengxing”deyiyi,jiuzaiyufuyurenshishenshengxing。meichuleyinggaijiangjiuganxingxingxianghexingshizhiwai,haijuyougengshencengdeneiyun。zheineiyundegenbenshizaitianrenheyi、wanwuyitidejingjiezhong,ganshourenshengdezuigaodeyiyi,congeryouyizhonggaoyuandejingshenzhuiqiu。“likailerenshengdechonggaojiazhi、jueduijiazhi,jiumeiyouzhenzhengdemei。”(zhangshiying《jingjieyuwenhua》,di245ye)

congwogerendetihuilaishuo,wogandao“meigandeshenshengxing”deguandianjizhongtixianlezhangxianshengbenrenderenshengzhuiqiu。womencongzhangxianshengderenshenghezhuzuozhongchuchukeyikandaozheizhongduigaoyuandejingshenjingjiedezhuiqiu。zhangxianshengdezhuzuoshitazuishenxinlingdechengxian。womenduzhangxianshengdezhuzuo,budanchunshidudaowenzi,womendudaodeshizhangxianshengderengexingqing,xinlingjiezou,shengmingqingdiao。zhangxianshengdezhuzuoyouyizhongcongtaxinlingshenchufachudeguangmang。zheishiyizhongjingshendeguangmang,yizhongduigaoyuandejingshenjingjiedezhuiqiu,zheizhongjingshenzhuiqiu,jirenshengzhuruleyizhongyansuxingheshenshengxing。

亚博电竞zhangxianshengderenshengshiyuanmande。zhaopochu《yizhu》shuo:“shengguxinran,siyiwuhan。hualuohaikai,shuiliubuduan。woxiheyou,sheiyuanxi?mingyueqingfeng,bulaoxunmi。”hongyifashi《cishierjie》zhiershuo:“huazhichunman,tianxinyueyuan。”zheixieyiyan,douxianshileyizhongrenshengyuanmandexiyue。zhangxianshengshufajizhongdeliangjuhua:“xinyoutiandiwai,yizaiyouwujian。”tongyangxianshileyizhongrenshengyuanmandexiyue。

亚博电竞zhangxianshengcishishishifenpingjing。tingzhangxianshengdejiarenshuo,zhangxianshengshizaishushuizhongcishide。erqietoujitianjiuzhufujiaren,shentiruyoubushi,yaoliuzaijiazhong,buyaoquyiyuan。kejianzhangxianshengduizijishengmingdelaiquherenshengdeyuanmanyoushifenqingxideziwoganjue。zheishiyiweizhexuejiadeyuanman。yinweirenshengdeyuanman,suoyiduishengmingdelaiquchiyoupingjingdexintai。

zhangxianshengqushile,danshizhangxianshengbingmeiyoulikaiwomen。zhangxianshengdexuewen,zhangxianshengdejingshen,zhangxianshengderenge,zhangxianshengdeaixin,douyiranbansuizhewomen,yiranzhaoliangwomendexinling,jiliwomenqucongshiwenhuaxueshudechuangzao,quzhuiqiurenshengdeshenshengjiazhi,zhuiqiurenshengdeyuanmanhepingjing。

亚博电竞zuozhe:yelang,yabodianjingboyajiangxijiaoshou,yabodianjingzhexueshehuikexuezishenjiaoshou

gongzuodanwei:yabodianjingzhexuexi,yabodianjingmeixueyumeiyuyanjiuzhongxin

yuanwenlianjie:《guangmingribao》(2020nian10yue12ri11ban)

zhuanzaibenwangwenzhangqingzhumingchuchu